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MLA7001

Course
MLA7001
Course Title
Phlebotomy Training

Description

This course prepares the participant in the knowledge and skills to become a certified phlebotomist, a medical professional who collects blood from patients for various laboratory tests and procedures. The course consists of both a seven week classroom phase and, with successful completion, a seven week clinical experience. Students who complete both phases successfully are eligible to seek national certification. Phlebotomy training and certification enables individuals to seek employment in hospital labs, physician practices, and private independent laboratories with full time or part time employment.

Objectives

  1. Explain the importance of the phlebotomist in health care.
  2. Explain the relationship of phlebotomists to all personnel working in a medical laboratory, office or hospital.
  3. Describe the anatomy and physiology of the circulatory system and the effects of venipuncture procedures on this system.
  4. Demonstrate proper phlebotomy procedure and the phlebotomist responsibilities related to patient care and health care system requirements.
  5. Define medical and health care terminology related to phlebotomy, medical laboratory assisting and testing.
  6. Discuss all routine tests of a clinical laboratory to include: chemistry, hematology and coagulation, blood bank tests, serology and microbiology, cytology and histology.
  7. Know the legal and ethical issues associated with venipunctures.
  8. Perform heel sticks and finger sticks on pediatric and neonatal patients.
  9. Perform special collection techniques and procedures to include arterial punctures.

Content

1. Introduction to Phlebotomy

  • Definition and history of phlebotomy
  • Role of phlebotomist in health care
  • Relationship of phlebotomist to health care professional

2. Health Care Terminology

  • Laboratory terms
  • Physician orders and requests

3. Routine Tests

  • Blood chemistry
  • Hematology/coagulation
  • Blood bank
  • Serology/microbiology

4. Anatomy and Physiology

  • General circulatory overview
  • Venous structure and function
  • Blood pressure as related to venipuncture

5. Procedure and Responsibilities

  • Venipuncture procedure
    • Definitions
    • Facilities
    • Supplies and equipment
    • Detailed steps of NCCLS standards
    • Arterial Puncture Procedure
      • Arterial puncture theory
      • Physician responsibility
    • Phlebotomist Responsibilities
      • Patient identification and care
      • Report and form processing

6. Phlebotomy Problem Areas

  • Damaged and difficult veins
  • Pediatric patients
  • Nursery procedures
  • Legal and ethical issues

7. Safety Procedures

  • Needle safety
  • Medical clothing/gloves
  • Infectious diseases

8. Special Collection Techniques

  • Time interval tests
  • Legal specimens
  • Heavy metals
  • Catheters or indwelling lines
  • Heparin locks
  • Cannula specimens
  • Fistula specimens
  • Isolation situations

Prerequisites

  • Proof of High School / GED completion.
  • Department permission required.

Method of Instruction

120 hours- clinical experience

69 hours- classroom

30 hours- online

Evaluation

  1. Exam: Yes
  2. Demonstration of skills: Yes
  3. Class Participation: Yes